Cretan Travels 2020



Crete: Archaeological Sites

PERIODISATION (or understanding the different periods of Cretan history and archaeology) – VERY USEFUL

(excerpt from Moody and Rackham, The Making of the Cretan Landscape)


Andreadaki-Vlazaki, M. Khania (Kydonia): A Tour to Sites of Ancient Memory, Athens 2009.

Apostolakou, V. Lato, Athens 2005.

Chaniotis, A. (ed.), From Minoan Farmers to Roman traders: Sidelights on the Economy of Ancient Crete, Stuttgart 1999.
–“Milking the Mountains: Economic Activities on the Cretan Uplands in the Classical and Hellenistic Periods” (Chaniotis)

Hamilakis, Y. and N. Momigliano (eds.), Archaeology and European Modernity: Producing and Consuming the “Minoans,” Creta Antica 7 (2006), Padova 2006
–“Minoans in Modern Greek Literature” (R. Beaton)

Kourou, N.Following the Sphinx: Tradition and Innovation in Early Iron Age Crete,” in Identità culturale, etnicità, processi di transformazione a Creta fra Dark Age e Arcaismo, Convegno di Studi, Atene 9-12 novembre 2006, ed. G. Rizza, Catania 2011, pp. 165-177.

MacGillivray, J. A. Minotaur: Sir Arthur Evans and the Archaeology of the Minoan Myth, London 2000.

Moody, J. A. and O. Rackham. The Making of the Cretan Landscape, Manchester 1994.
Preface, maps, and Chapter 8 (People and Settlements)
Chapter 16 (Sacred Landscapes)

Perlman, P. “Invocatio and Imprecatio: The Hymn to the Greatest Kouros from Palaikastro and the Oath in Ancient Crete,” JHS 115 (1995), pp. 61-67.

Perlman, P.Gortyn. The First Seven Hundred Years (Part I),” in Polis and Politics. Studies in Ancient Greek History Presented to Mogens Herman Hansen on his Sixtieth Birthday, August 20, 2000, Copenhagen 2000, pp. 59-89 (esp. Conclusions, pp. 77-78).

Perlman, P. “Gortyn. The First Seven Hundred Years (Part II),” in Even More Studies in the Ancient Greek Polis. Papers from the Copenhagen Polis Centre, vol. 6, Jan 1, 2002, Stuttgart 2002, pp. 187-227 (esp. Conclusions, pp. 212-214)

Perlman, P. The Laws of Ancient Crete, c. 650-400 BCE, Oxford 2016.

Small, D. B. Ancient Greece: Social Structure and Evolution, Cambridge 2019.
–“The Cretan Difference” (Chapter 10) – Mostly about the Azorias excavations and the new evidence about 6th century B.C. Crete.

Stampolidis, N. (ed.), Crete: Emerging Cities. Aptera, Eleutherna, Knossos, Athens 2019.

Sweetman, R. The Mosaics of Roman Crete: Art, Archaeology, and Social Change, Cambridge 2013.


Find below basic information (in most cases excerpts from publications cited above) about many of the sites we will visit during the trip.

(excerpt from Stampolidis, Crete: Emerging Cities)

Chania (ancient Kydonia)
[excerpt from Andreadaki-Vlazaki, Khania (Kydonia)]

(excerpt from Perlman, The Laws of Ancient Crete, pp. 263-266)





Agia Triada Tsangarolon (1634) – For an English summary go to p. 245; also read about Italian architect Sebastiano Serlio (1475-1554) whose “libro estraordinario” influenced the Creto-Venetian patrons of the monastery.

Arkadi Monastery
Also Adrianakis, M. “Το οικοδομικό χρονικό της Μονής Αρκαδίου,” Νέα Χριστιανική Κρήτη 32 (2013), pp, 13-50. (Article in Greek; check the plans, however, to see similarities with Agia Triada Tsangarolon and influence of Sebastiano Serlio.)



Galanaki, R. The Life of Ismail Ferik Pasha (trans. by K. Cicellis), London 1996.

Galanaki, R, Ο αιώνας των λαβυρίνθων, Athens 1996.

Kazantzakis, N. The Odyssey: A Modern Sequel (transl. with introduction, synopsis, and notes by K. Friar), London 1958 (esp. Book 6, when Odysseus and Helen arrive on Crete).